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Hinduism as Religion
Villiambakkam Perumal Photos
Hinduism as Religion
Divyadesams 1-10
Photo Album Page
108 Vaishanava Divya Desams
Birth and DEATH
The 7 Cantos Of Ramayana
Bhakti Yoga
Some Dhohas I Enjoy In Raamacharit maanas
Yoga of the Knoweldge
Karma Yoga
Sama Veda
Sure Steps To Realize God
The Way To God
What we learn from our great Indian Epics
Yajur veda
THE Essence of Bhakti
The Summary of Bhagavat Gita
Thiru Mogur


The only religion which gives full freedom to its follower is Hinduism. There is no compulsion for the follower to visit a temple , no compulsion for donations, no force for prayer. Hinduism says do not accept anything with out understanding it completley. Encourages its follower to ask questions regarding the religion and its beliefs. Hinduism belives that all living beings have souls. The ultimate goal of human being is to attain God. God is Paramatma(The Supreme soul) and living beings are jeevatmas. The soul is eternal. Till it attains God, it takes birth and death. That is unavoidable. We get birth according to our past actions(Karma). That is why our religion asks us to do always good things in life. Like echo we get back what we say. Reep what we sow! The concept of karma or "law of karma" is the broader principle that all of life is governed by a system of cause and effect, action and reaction, in which one's deeds have corresponding effects on the future. Karma is thus a way of explaining evil and misfortune in the world, even for those who do not appear to deserve it - their misfortune must be due to wrong actions in their previous life.
Karma is regarded as a fundamental law of nature that is automatic and mechanical. It is not something that is imposed by God or a god as a system of punishment or reward, nor something that the gods can interfere with.

The word karma refers primarily to "bad karma" - that which is accumulated as a result of wrong actions. Bad karma binds a person's soul (atman) to the cycle of rebirth (samsara) and leads to misfortune in this life and poor conditions in the next. The moral energy of a particular moral act bears fruit automatically in the next life, manifested in one's class, disposition, and character.

Hindu texts also prescribe a number of activities, such as pilgrimages to holy places and acts of devotion, that can wipe out the effects of bad karma. Such positive actions are sometimes referred to as "good karma." Some versions of the theory of karma also say that morally good acts have positive consequences (as opposed to simply neutral).

In Vedanta teachings, there are three types of karma:

1. Prarabdha karma - karma experienced during the present lifetime
2. Sancita karma - the store of karma that has not yet reached fruition
3. Agamin or sanciyama karma - karma sown in the present life that will come ripe in a future life.
The process by which karma is understood to work through various rebirths is as follows:
1. Good or bad actions create impressions (samskaras) or tendencies (vasanas) in the mind, which in time will come to fruition in further action (more karma).

2. The seeds of karma are carried in the subtle body (linga), in which the soul transmigrates.

3. The physical body (sthula sarira) is the field in which the fruit of karma is experienced and more karma is created.
Hinduism embraces a great diversity of beliefs, a fact that can be initially confusing to westerners accustomed to creeds, confessions, and carefully-worded belief statements. One can believe a wide variety of things about God, the universe and the path to liberation and still be considered a Hindu.
This attitude towards religious belief has made Hinduism one of the more open-minded religions when it comes to evaluating other faiths. Probably the most well-known Hindu saying about religion is: "Truth is one; sages call it by different names."
However, there are some beliefs common to nearly all forms of Hinduism that can be identified, and these basic beliefs are generally regarded as boundaries outside of which lies either heresy or non-Hindu religion. These fundamental Hindu beliefs include: the authority of the Vedas (the oldest Indian sacred texts) and the Brahmam (ultimate God); the existence of an enduring soul that transmigrates from one body to another at death (reincarnation); and the law of karma that determines one's destiny both in this life and the next.
Note that a specific belief about God or gods is not considered one of the essentials, which is a major difference between Hinduism and strictly monotheistic religions like Christianity, Judaism, Islam and Sikhism. Most Hindus are devoted followers of one of the principal gods Shiva, Vishnu or Shakti, and often others besides, yet all these are regarded as manifestations of a single Reality.
The ultimate goal of all Hindus is release (moksha) from the cycle of rebirth (samsara). For those of a devotional bent, this means being in God's presence, while those of a philosophical persuasion look forward to uniting with God as a drop of rain merges with the sea.
The purpose of life in Hinduism is thus to minimize bad karma in order to enjoy better fortune in this life and achieve a better rebirth in the next. The ultimate spiritual goal is to achieve release (moksha) from the cycle of samsara altogether. It may take hundreds or thousands of rebirths to get rid of all of one's accumulated karma and achieve moksha. The person who has become liberated (attained moksha) creates no more new karma during the present lifetime and is not reborn after death.
Various methods to attain moksha are taught by different schools, but most include avoiding attachment to impermanent things, carrying out one's duties, and realizing the ultimate unity between one's soul or self (atman) and ultimate reality (Brahman).
In Hinduism, there is not just one purpose of human life, but four:
1. Dharma - fulfilling one's purpose
2. Artha - prosperity
3. Kama - desire, sexuality, enjoyment
4. Moksha - enlightenment.

The Sanskrit word dharma means many things, including "law," "teaching" and "religion, righteous path." In this context, it means one's purpose. In general, it says we should do things only by righteous path. Spend our money for good. Let us always try to attain our goal only in righteous path. In Gita Krishna says " To which ever dharma you belong ,leaving everything behind , you surrender unto Me alone , I will relieve you from all your sins, Do not be afraid. So let us listen to Krishna and surrender to HIM.
Another aspect of dharma is paying the five debts. Hindus believe that they are born in debt to the gods and various humans, and they must repay those karmic debts during their lifetime. The debts are:
1. Debt to the gods for their blessings; paid by rituals and offerings.
2. Debt to parents and teachers; paid by supporting them, having children of one's own and passing along knowledge.

3. Debt to guests; repaid by treating them as if they were gods visiting one's home.

4. Debt to other human beings; repaid by treating them with respect.

5. Debt to all other living beings; repaid by offering good will, food or any other help that is appropriate.

Dharma also means righteousness, or living morally and ethically at all times.

Artha: Prosperity
Artha is prosperity or success in worldly pursuits. Although the ultimate goal of Hinduism is enlightenment, the pursuit of wealth and prosperity is regarded as an appropriate pursuit for the householder (the second of four life stages). It also ensures social order, for there would be no society if everyone renunciated worldly life to meditate. But while Hindus are encouraged to make money, it must be within the bounds of dharma.

Kama: desire
Kama (Sanskrit, "desire") primarily refers to romantic love and sexual pleasure, though it can refer to desire in general. Like artha, kama is seen as an appropriate pursuit of the householder.

Moksha: Enlightenment
The ultimate goal of every Hindu's life is moksha, which can be understood in a variety of ways: liberation from rebirth, enlightenment, Self-realization, or union with God. This is considered to the be the highest purpose of life, although very few can achieve it in a single lifetime and there are a variety of paths to attain it.